Basic Facts About Osteopathic Medicine

December 27, 2012

In the United States today, approximately 63,000 osteopathic physicians practice medicine alongside allopathic physicians, or those who hold a Doctor of Medicine (MD). Although we comprise less than 10 percent of the nation’s doctors, fully licensed osteopathic physicians have completed the required medical training for licensure in addition to extensive instruction in musculoskeletal manipulation. Here, I provide some basic facts about osteopathic medicine that I hope will offer further insight into my profession.

Osteopathic medicine approaches diagnosis and treatment from a holistic perspective, which emphasizes the importance of prevention and the benefits of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT). While osteopathic physicians use OMT as appropriate, these techniques augment traditional medical therapies such as surgery, rehabilitation, and pharmacotherapy.

– Currently, 26 osteopathic medical schools in the United States award the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO). Osteopathic physicians complete the same general medical training as their allopathic counterparts. Typically four years in length, osteopathic programs qualify graduates for advanced medical education and require applicants to complete the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), as well as certain undergraduate prerequisites.

– Osteopathic medical school graduates often complete a yearlong rotating internship after earning their degrees. Then, like MDs, they enter residency programs for postgraduate medical training. To become licensed physicians, DOs must pass the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Exam, the osteopathic equivalent of the United State Medical Licensing Examination for MDs.

– Although the majority of DOs become primary care physicians, osteopathic doctors can enter any medical specialty. In order to become certified in 1 of the 18 specialties approved by the American Osteopathic Association, physicians usually complete additional advanced training before passing a final examination to achieve Board certification.

About the author: A graduate of Albion College and the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine, Dr. Richard Reut completed his medical training at Chicago Osteopathic Medical Centers, Cook County Hospital, and Rush-Presbyterian St. Luke’s Medical Center. He lives and works in Minnesota.


A Brief Overview of Sports Medicine by Dr. Richard Reut

September 12, 2011

After completing my family practice residency at Cook County Hospital in Chicago, I decided to combine my lifelong interest in physical activity with my training as an osteopathic physician by embarking on a sports medicine fellowship at Rush-Presbyterian St. Luke’s Medical Center. As a fellow at the present-day Rush University Medical Center, currently home to the team physicians for the Chicago White Sox and the Chicago Bulls, I established a solid foundation in musculoskeletal issues that has served me well for 20 years.


Recognized by certifying bodies in both osteopathic and allopathic medicine, sports medicine can also refer to any therapeutic modality that addresses sports- and exercise-related injuries and illnesses. Clinical practitioners include orthopedic surgeons and primary care physicians, like myself, but the wide-ranging field encompasses allied health professionals and scientific researchers, as well. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), the world’s largest sports medicine and exercise science organization, currently counts among its members more than 20,000 clinicians, specialists, and fitness instructors. According to its estimates, the organization has certified more than 45,000 health and fitness professionals over the last 5 decades.


The qualified primary care sports medicine physician possesses the skills and knowledge to manage the nonsurgical treatment of athletes and active individuals. Along with providing necessary medical care in the case of injury, whether at the athletic arena or at any point after the event, the discipline of sports medicine includes pre-participation assessments, rehabilitation protocols, and comprehensive prevention programs. I have had the opportunity to work in nearly every aspect of primary care sports medicine since 1991, and I look forward to continuing my practice in the years to come.


About the author: A member of the American College of Sports Medicine, Dr. Richard Reut holds a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine from the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine. In addition to his current appointment as staff physician at the Hennepin County Medical Center, Dr. Reut has served as team physician and medical consultant for several Twin Cities-area high schools, DePaul University, Loyola University, and the United States Soccer Team.

Dr. Richard Reut’s Blog

August 20, 2010

Throughout his life and career, physician and non-surgical orthopedic specialist Dr. Richard Reut has maintained involvement in a vast array of academic, professional, charitable, and personal activities. As an undergraduate at Albion College in Albion, Michigan, Dr. Richard Reut performed as a standout in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, winning the school’s Biochemistry Award, earning induction to the Tri Beta Biology Honor Society, and appearing on the Dean’s list on numerous occasions. Following graduation, Dr. Richard Reut spent one year as a Personal Fitness Instructor for the Health Fitness Corporation of America in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. Returning to the Midwest at the end of this period, Dr. Richard Reut enrolled in the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine, where he ultimately earned his Doctor of Osteopathy in 1986. For the next several years, Dr. Richard Reut would remain in the greater Chicago metropolitan area, completing his internship, residency in family practice, and fellowship in sports medicine. Since 1991, Dr. Richard Reut has held a variety of roles in Chicago and the Minneapolis-St. Paul region, including Associate Director and Staff Physician with the Center for Athletic Medicine, Director of Primary Care Orthopedics at Midwest Orthopedics, and Staff Physician for Hennepin Faculty Associates. In 2006, Dr. Richard Reut joined the team at Twin Cities Orthopedics as a sports medicine practitioner and physician. An active contributor to charitable organizations in the community and beyond, Dr. Richard Reut donated his time and energy to Big Brothers Big Sisters of America, Adopt-a-Grandparent, and the volunteer ambulance service during his undergraduate career. Today, Dr. Richard Reut continues these activities through the Adopt-a-School program, the Red Cross, and the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation. When not working, Dr. Richard Reut enjoys spending time with his family, exercising, golfing, fishing, wakeboarding, and snowboarding. A resident of Excelsior, Minnesota, Dr. Richard Reut practices medicine in and around Minneapolis-St. Paul.